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Wellhead Protection

Wellhead protection activities continue to increase in the Commonwealth. While there has not been a concerted effort to graduate from assessing a public water supply’s contamination susceptibility to implementing measurable protection activities, there continues to be interest at the local level in developing strategies to protect community water system sources. These local efforts are often buoyed by technical support from Virginia Department of Health (VDH) field office staff, the VDH contract for technical assistance to small systems in priority areas, or grants issued directly to municipalities through VDH.  For further information about source water protection, including information on grant funding and local implementation of protection measures, contact the VDH Office of Drinking Water.

The documents listed below, produced by the Groundwater Protection Steering Committee, may be helpful in developing local programs. Please contact Scott Kudlas at or 804-698-4456 for pdf versions of the documents.

  • Wellhead Protection Plan, 2005 
  • Report of the Ad Hoc Wellhead Protection Advisory Committee, 1991 
  • Wellhead Protection: A Handbook for Local Governments in Virginia, 1991
  • Wellhead Protection: Case Studies of Six Local Governments in Virginia, 1993 
  • Implementing Wellhead Protection: Model Components for Local Governments in Virginia, 1998 
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Virginia Department of
Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 1105
Richmond, VA 23218
(804) 698-4000

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