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Nonpoint Source Management Plan

Pursuant to U. S. EPA guidance issued in 1996 and subsequently during 1998 and 2012, Virginia has updated its nonpoint source pollution management program.  The Federal Clean Water Act and the Code of Virginia at § 10.1-2124 direct the state to develop management programs to control nonpoint source pollution.  Virginia has developed nonpoint source pollution management plan updates cooperatively with citizen input, federal, regional and local agencies and organizations in compliance with Section 319 of the Clean Water Act of 1987.

Virginia’s Nonpoint Source (NPS) Pollution Management Program is a diverse network of state and local government programs. Collectively, these programs help prevent water quality degradation and restore the health of lakes, rivers, streams and estuaries.  Virginia does this by promoting and funding measures to reduce and prevent nonpoint source pollution such as: watershed planning efforts, stream and wetland restoration and protection, education and outreach.

Statewide NPS pollution control programs and services support both natural resource stewardship by individuals and assist local governments with resource management. These statewide programs are funded through state agency budgets, non-general fund revenues and federal and non-federal grant programs. There are several state and federal laws that result in comprehensive programs that address the management of NPS pollution in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Collectively these state and federal programs and laws make up the legislative backdrop to Virginia’s comprehensive NPS Pollution Management Program.  Virginia's program guides federal, state and local actions, as well as funding and citizen participation.

In December 2012 EPA issued the most recent guidance that directed states to update and issue the Nonpoint Source Management Programs by September 2014 and every subsequent five years. The updated Virginia 2014 NPS Management Plan document was submitted to EPA and approved in 2014. The updated Virginia 2019 NPS Pollution Management Plan document was submitted to EPA in 2019 and approved in 2020. This plan is in effect until September 30, 20204.


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Virginia Department of
Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 1105
Richmond, VA 23218
(804) 698-4000

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