Virginia Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit Program

Section 402 of the Clean Water Act established the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) program to limit pollutant discharges into streams, rivers, and bays. In the Commonwealth of Virginia, DEQ administers the program as the Virginia Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (VPDES). DEQ issues VPDES permits for all point source discharges to surface waters, to dischargers of stormwater from Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems (MS4s), and to dischargers of stormwater from Industrial Activities, and Virginia Stormwater Management Program (VSMP) permits to dischargers of stormwater from Construction Activities. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) maintains authority to review applications and permits for "major" dischargers, a distinction based on discharge quantity and content.

VPDES permits for surface coal mines are issued by the Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals, and Energy.

Water permit guidance documents can be found at this link.

Individual Permits

DEQ issues individual permits to both municipal and industrial facilities. Permit requirements, special conditions, effluent limitations and monitoring requirements are determined for each facility on a site specific basis in order to meet applicable water quality standards. Questions about individual permits for specific facilities should be addressed to the DEQ Regional Office that serves the area where the facility is located. Copies of individual permit application forms can be downloaded from the Permits, Fees and Regulations page.  An Excel spreadsheet listing the current VPDES Individual Permits along with location information and contacts can be downloaded at this link.

General Permits

General permits are permits written for a general class of dischargers. In Virginia, general permits must be written as permits and adopted as regulations. Since they are regulations, they must be adopted using the Administrative Process Act (APA) requirements, which specify a standard adoption process and public participation/public input procedures. The State Water Control Board has adopted the following VPDES general permits:

Questions about general permit coverage for specific facilities should be addressed to the DEQ Regional Office that serves the area where the facility is located. Copies of the general permit regulations and the associated Registration Statement forms to apply for permit coverage can be downloaded from the Permits, Fees and Regulations page. An Excel spreadsheet listing the current VPDES General Permits along with location information can be downloaded at this link.

General Permits Under Development/Amendment

9VAC25-860 (VAG 64) – Potable Water Treatment Plants (this link takes you the Virginia Town Hall web site).

9VAC25-120 (VAG83) – Petroleum Contaminated Sites & Hydrostatic Testing (this link takes you to the Virginia Town Hall web site).

9VAC25-196 (VAC25) – Noncontact Cooling Water Discharges (this link takes you to the Virginia Town Hall web site).

9VAC25-800 (VAG 87) Pesticide Discharges (this link takes you the Virginia Town Hall web site).

9VAC25-890 (VAR04) - Stormwater from Small Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems (this link takes you to the Virginia Town Hall web site).

9VAC25-193 (VAG11) – Concrete Products Facilities (this link takes you to the Virginia Town Hall web site).


Featured Topics

VPDES Permit for Dominion - Possum Point Power Station

New Landowner Agreement Form - A new landowner agreement form has been added to the VA Sewage Sludge Permit Application Form.  The Land Application Agreement - Biosolids (Rev 9/14/2012) replaces the previous landowner agreement form included with Part C of the Sewage Sludge Permit Application Form.  The new form takes effect immediately.  Any landowner agreement submitted to DEQ that is signed after 10/19/2012 must be on the Rev 9/14/2012 Land Application Agreement - Biosolids form.  

Virginia Nutrient Credit Exchange Association - Exchange Compliance Plan, 2015 Update

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Virginia Department of
Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 1105
Richmond, VA 23218
(804) 698-4000


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