Virginia Pollution Abatement Permit Program

The treatment of sewage sludge, storage and land application of biosolids, industrial wastes (sludge and wastewater), municipal wastewater, and animal wastes (manure/litter from livestock and poultry) are regulated activities in the Commonwealth of Virginia.  A Virginia Pollution Abatement (VPA) permit may be issued by DEQ whenever an owner handles waste and wastewater in a manner that does not involve discharging to a sewage treatment work, or to state waters pursuant to a valid Virginia Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (VPDES) permit.  In general, land application of biosolids, industrial sludge or spray irrigation of industrial and municipal wastewater is covered by a VPA individual permit.

Animal Feeding Operations (AFOs) are covered by a VPA individual or general permit.  A separate VPA general permit covers confined poultry feeding operations for poultry waste management. VPDES permits may be required for some Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs).

a group of images depicting land application on crop fields and cattle eating

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5/15/2019 - Certified Land Applier Classes - Two continuing education classes have been scheduled for this summer.  The first will be held at the DEQ - Piedmont Regional Office in Glen Allen on July 17, and the second will be at the DEQ - Valley Regional Office in Harrisonburg on July 23.  Please see the Biosolids Land Appliers and Local Monitors webpage for details.

4/19/2019 - Biosolids and Residuals Sources: The current list of

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Virginia Department of
Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 1105
Richmond, VA 23218
(804) 698-4000


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