Natural Gas

Natural gas is a domestically available, clean-burning fuel. Natural gas is primarily composed of methane (CH4) but contains other hydrocarbons such as ethane and propane and other gases such as nitrogen, helium, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and water vapor.

What is a Natural Gas Vehicle?

Natural gas vehicles are fueled with either compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG). Compared with vehicles fueled by conventional diesel and gasoline, natural gas vehicles can produce significantly lower amounts of harmful emissions, such as nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, and toxic and carcinogenic pollutants as well as the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide.

LNG fuel systems typically are used only with heavy-duty vehicles (such as buses and refuse trucks). CNG fuel systems have been used in both heavy and light-duty vehicles. There are limited light- and heavy-duty natural gas vehicles (NGVs) available from major original equipment manufacturers, but the number of dedicated and bi-fuel light-duty NGVs available from these manufacturers is steadily growing. Qualified system retrofitters can also convert vehicles for natural gas operation. Using compressed natural gas (CNG) as vehicle fuel increases energy security, paves the way for fuel cell vehicles, and improves public health and the environment.

Are There any Natural Gas Fueling Stations in Virginia?

There are a number of CNG fueling stations in Virginia, many are private or government-owned. Click one of the links below for a list of CNG locations in Virginia.

Learn More about Natural Gas as an Alternative Fuel

Virginia Clean Cities is a government-industry partnership designed to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector by advancing the use of alternative fuels and vehicles, idle reduction technologies, hybrid electric vehicles, fuel blends, and fuel economy.

Information on Natural Gas from the DOE's Alternative Fuels & Advanced Vehicles Data Center

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Virginia Department of
Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 1105
Richmond, VA 23218
(804) 698-4000


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