Pharmaceuticals Rule Definitions

The definitions below are derived from 40 CFR 266 Subpart P. The terms are enabled with hyperlinks to DEQ's web pages or regulatory citations that offer additional information.

Evaluated Hazardous Waste Pharmaceutical (HWP): A prescription HWP that has been evaluated by a Revise Distributors in accordance with 40 CFR § 266.510(a)(3) and will not be sent to another Revise Distributors for further evaluation or verification of manufacture credit.

Hazardous Waste Pharmaceutical (HWP): A pharmaceutical that is a solid waste, as defined in 40 CFR § 261.2, and exhibits one or more characteristics identified in 40 CFR Part 261 Subpart C or is listed in 40 CFR Part 261 Subpart D.

Healthcare Facility: Any person that is lawfully authorized to (1) provide preventative, diagnostic, therapeutic, rehabilitative, maintenance or palliative care, and counseling, service, assessment or procedure with respect to the physical or mental condition, or functional status, of a human or animal or that affects the structure or function of the human or animal body; or (2) distribute, sell, or dispense pharmaceuticals, including over-the-counter pharmaceuticals, dietary supplements, homeopathic drugs, or prescription pharmaceuticals.

Household Waste Pharmaceutical: A pharmaceutical that is a solid waste, as defined in 40 CFR § 261.2, but is excluded from being a hazardous waste under 40 CFR § 261.4(b)(1.)

Long-term Care Facility: A licensed entity that provides assistance with activities of daily living, including managing and administering pharmaceuticals to one or more individuals at the facility.

Non-Creditable Hazardous Waste Pharmaceutical: A prescription hazardous waste pharmaceutical that does not have a reasonable expectation to be eligible for manufacturer credit or a nonprescription hazardous waste pharmaceutical that does not have a reasonable expectation to be legitimately used/reused or reclaimed.

Non-Hazardous Waste Pharmaceutical: A pharmaceutical that is a solid waste, as defined in 40 CFR § 261.2, and is not listed in 40 CFR Part 261 Subpart D, and does not exhibit a characteristic identified in 40 CFR Part 261 Subpart C.

Non-Pharmaceutical Hazardous Waste: A solid waste, as defined in 40 CFR § 261.2, that is listed in 40 CFR Part 261 Subpart D, or exhibits one or more characteristics identified in 40 CFR Part 261 Subpart C, but is not a pharmaceutical, as defined in this section.

Pharmaceutical: Any drug or dietary supplement for use by humans or other animals; any electronic nicotine delivery system (e.g., electronic cigarette or vaping pen); or any liquid nicotine (e-liquid) packaged for retail sale for use in electronic nicotine delivery systems (e.g., pre-filled cartridges or vials.)

Potentially Creditable Hazardous Waste Pharmaceutical: A prescription hazardous waste pharmaceutical that has a reasonable expectation to receive manufacturer credit and is (1) in original manufacturer packaging (except pharmaceuticals that were subject to a recall); (2) un-dispensed; and (3) unexpired or less than one year past expiration date.

Reverse Distributor (RD): Any person that receives and accumulates prescription pharmaceuticals that are potentially creditable hazardous waste pharmaceuticals for the purpose of facilitating or verifying manufacturer credit.

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Virginia Department of
Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 1105
Richmond, VA 23218
(804) 698-4000


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