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RCRA Corrective Action

The RCRA Corrective Action Program requires investigation and cleanup of hazardous releases that pose an unacceptable risk at RCRA hazardous waste facilities.  The program is implemented in accordance with the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 (HSWA) and accompany regulations.  The Commonwealth of Virginia was authorized to administer RCRA Corrective Action, effective September 29, 2000, and works in partnership with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to implement the program.  This is accomplished through existing Hazardous Waste Management Permits, Facility Lead Agreements, EPA Administrative Orders, and DEQ Remedy Consent Orders.  For more information on the program within EPA Region 3, please visit EPA’s Corrective Action web page.

The number of facilities currently being addressed by RCRA Corrective Action in Virginia is 121.  These facilities are also referred to as the 2020 baseline because program goals are set to be achieved by 2020.  Program goals include:

  • Site assessments leading to final remedy decisions performed at 100% of the 2020 baseline facilities
  • Current human exposures under control at 95% of the 2020 baseline facilities (Human Health Environmental Indicator)
  • Migration of contaminated groundwater under control at 95% of the 2020 baseline facilities (Migration of Contaminated Groundwater Under Control Environmental Indicator)
  • Construction of final remedies complete at 95% of the 2020 baseline facilities

Progress on Virginia’s RCRA Corrective Action goals as of December 2019:

  • Site assessments complete at 121 facilities (100%)
  • Current human exposures under control at 120 facilities (99%)
  • Migration of contaminated groundwater under control at 118 facilities (96%)
  • Construction of final remedies complete at 106 facilities (88%)

In March 2019 the U.S. EPA signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with DEQ to set forth the manner in which the State and EPA will coordinate in the State’s Hazardous Waste Program. EPA’s authorization of the State’s corrective action program, and provisions of the MOA, does not alter the corrective action authorities granted to the State on July 31, 2000 (Authorized Corrective Action Program). The State, in administering its Authorized Corrective Action Program, may use other State authorities to implement its Authorized Corrective Action Program to the extent that such authorities are consistent with and no less stringent than the requirements of the Authorized Corrective Action Program and that the completed remedies are consistent with the Authorized Corrective Action Program. These authorities include the State’s Voluntary Remediation Program (VRP), State issued Remedy Consent Orders (RCOs) and other State Enforcement authorities such as the Uniform Environmental Covenants Act (UECA). The DEQ-MOA is available for review.

RCRA Corrective Action Team Members

 Title Contact Name/Email  Phone Number
RCRA Corrective Action Team Lead Tara Mason (804) 698-4218
Project Manager Ryan Kelly    (804) 698-4045
Project Manager

Kurt Kochan

 (703) 583-3825 
South River Mercury Scientist Calvin Jordan  (540) 574-7802
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Virginia Department of
Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 1105
Richmond, VA 23218
(804) 698-4000

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