Virginia CZM Program Coastal Needs Assessment and Strategies: FY2016-2020


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FY2016 - 2020 Coastal Needs and Assessment and Strategies Development 

The Virginia CZM Program followed new Section 309 Guidance issued by NOAA (January 2013) to conduct Virginia's 2016-2020 Coastal Needs Assessment and to develop strategies for the program's issues of highest priority. 

The Virginia CZM Program began its 2016 - 2020 Coastal Zone Enhancement Process in fall of 2014 by distributing to its partners a Virginia Coastal Needs Assessment and Prioritization Survey.  The results of this survey were shared at the December 2014 Virginia Coastal Partners Workshop, which included attendees from regional, local and state agencies, academic institutions, non-governmental organizations, marine-related businesses, and individuals who help manage and protect Virginia's coastal resources.  During the course of the workshop, attendees heard presentations on critical or evolving coastal resource management issues, and helped prioritize which areas should be considered the highest priorities for the Virginia CZM Program and the focus of Coastal Enhancement (Section 309) strategies for the coming 2016-2020 cycle. 

2015 Assessment Areas:
  • Coastal Public Access Assessment 
  • Coastal Hazards Assessment 
  • Coastal Wetlands Assessment
  • Coastal Cumulative and Secondary Impacts Assessment
  • Special Area Management Planning Assessment 
  • Aquaculture Assessment 
  • Energy and Government Facility Siting Assessment 
  • Ocean Resources Assessment
  • Marine Debris Assessment 
Virginia CZM Program staff then presented recommendations to the Virginia Coastal Policy Team in February 2015.

The CPT approved staff recommendations to develop strategies in the following three "High Priority" areas: 
  • Ocean Management
  • Coastal Hazards
  • Cumulative and Secondary Impacts of Coastal Development.
Virginia CZM Program staff submitted a final draft of the 2016-1020 Virginia Coastal Needs Assessment and Strategy to NOAA for approval.  NOAA approval was received in March 2016.  

Download ENTIRE Coastal Needs Assessment and ALL FINAL Strategies (PDF) -  This report also includes a Summary of Accomplishments of FY 2011-2014 Section 309 Efforts (projects conducted October 1, 2011-September 30, 2015).  

A brief description of each of the strategies, including a list of all projects conducted under the strategy in fiscal years 16-18, are provided below.

Ocean Management  Strategy Overview and Projects 

Ocean Resources Strategy (PDF)
The goals of this five year strategy are: 1) to develop specific interjurisdictional agreements to improve management of regional issues (e.g. protecting whale migration corridors while accommodating increased shipping traffic, preserving commercial and recreational fishing opportunities while allowing for offshore energy development - see Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) website for more details on the Mid-Atlantic Regional Planning Body. Specific region-wide issues and specific geographic areas will be determined by the Mid-Atlantic Regional Planning Body and included in a 2016 Ocean Action Plan, and 2) to adopt specific policies to reduce marine debris building on Virginia's Marine Debris Reduction Plan.   

FY 2016 Projects
94.01 Virginia Commonwealth University Virginia Ocean Plan
94.03 Longwood University Virginia Marine Debris Reduction Plan Refinement and Implementation of Balloon Reduction Social Marketing Campaign
94.04 Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries Sea Turtles and Fishing Piers – Mitigating Hook-and-line Interactions
FY 2017 Projects
94.01 Virginia Commonwealth University Ocean Stakeholder Coordination
94.02 Coastal States Stewardship Foundation Identifying and Assessing Ecologically Rich Areas (ERAs)
94.03 Longwood University Virginia Marine Debris Reduction Plan Refinement
FY 2018 Projects
94.01 Virginia Commonwealth University Virginia Ocean Plan
94.02 The Nature Conservancy Mid-Atlantic Ocean Data Development & Visualization Tools
94.03 Longwood University Virginia’s Marine Debris Reduction Plan Refinement

Coastal Hazards Strategy Overview and Projects 

Coastal Hazards Strategy (PDF)
This strategy will build on the accomplishments of CZM initiatives to promote Living Shorelines and help communities adapt to climate change and sea level rise. Addressing Coastal Hazards issues and improving coastal resilience has been identified as a national priority by NOAA and is one of two Section 309 areas open for funding as a nationally competitive Project of Special Merit.  

FY 2016 Projects
92.01 Virginia Institute of Marine Science Decision Support Tools for Managing Tidal Shoreline in Virginia
92.02 Virginia Institute of Marine Science Living Shoreline Contractor Training and Shoreline Management Plan Public Information Meetings
FY 2017 Projects
92.01 Virginia Institute of Marine Science Coastal Resiliency and Shoreline Management - Adaptive Management for Resilient Communities
92.02 Virginia Institute of Marine Science Targeted Living Shorelines for Virginia State Parks
92.03 The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia Refining The RAFT For Broader Implementation
92.04 Wetlands Watch The Community Rating System: Driving Adaptation in Coastal Virginia
FY 2018 Projects
92.01 Virginia Institute of Marine Science Tidal Shoreline Management Policies and Procedures Handbook
92.02 Virginia Institute of Marine Science Shoreline Evolution and Wetland Board Presentations
92.03 Middle Peninsula Planning District Commission Dredged Material Siting; Fast-track Permitting and Beneficial Use Program
92.04 Wetlands Watch Advancing the Community Rating System (CRS) Program in Virginia’s Coastal Zone

Cumulative and Secondary Impacts of Growth and Development (CSI) Strategy Overview  and Projects 

Cumulative and Secondary Impacts - Chickahominy River (PDF)

The goal of this five-year strategy is to align local planning initiatives with state conservation priorities, focusing on the value of protected lands, particularly as they allow for recreation and eco-tourism. The strategy will investigate development of policies to protect the ecological and economic resources of the lower Chickahominy Watershed and document the economic values of conserved lands within the coastal zone in order to support protection efforts, and address local government concerns; 

FY 2016 Projects
93.01 Richmond Regional Planning District Commission Cumulative and Secondary Impacts: Leveraging Economic Benefits of the Natural Resources of the Lower Chickahominy
93.02 Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, Division of Natural Heritage Inventory of Important Biological Resources in the Chickahominy Watershed
FY 2017 Projects
93.01 Richmond Regional Planning District Commission Chickahominy Resources Steering Committee
93.02 George Mason University Economic Costs and Benefits of Land Conservations and Natural Resource Protection in the Lower Chickahominy River Watershed
FY 2018 Projects
93.01 Richmond Regional Planning District Commission Leveraging Economic Benefits of the Natural Resources of the Lower Chickahominy - Richmond Regional PDC Coordination
93.02 The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia Cumulative and Secondary Impacts: Leveraging Economic Benefits of the Natural Resources of the Lower Chickahominy River
93.03 William & Mary Law School - Virginia Coastal Policy Center Chickahominy Land Conservation Strategy – VA Tribal Policies
93.04 George Mason University Leveraging Economic Benefits of the Natural Resources of the Lower Chickahominy River – GMU Stakeholder Engagement Support

Cumulative and Secondary Impacts - Working Waterfronts (PDF)

The goal of this three-year strategy is to implement elements of the newly developed Virginia Working Waterfronts Plan focused on protecting the viability of these waterfronts that retain local, traditional culture and generate significant economic value. 

FY 2016 Projects
93.03 Middle Peninsula Planning District Commission Pushing the Envelope - Introducing Working Waterfront Legislation and Expanding the Working Waterfront Inventory
FY 2017 Projects
93.03 Accomack-Northampton Planning District Commission Rural Chesapeake Bay/Seaside of Virginia Working Waterfront Language and Policies
FY 2018 Projects
93.05 Northern Neck Planning District Commission Rural Chesapeake Bay/Seaside of Virginia Working Waterfront Master Plan Implementation

Virginia CZM Program logo

Strategy Contacts

Ocean Management
Laura McKay, (804) 698-4320 or Laura.McKay@deq.virginia.gov

Coastal Hazards (Resiliency)
Shep Moon, (804) 698-4527 or Shep.Moon@deq.virginia.gov

Cumulative and Secondary Impacts of Growth and Development (CSI)
Jefferson Flood, (804) 698-4151 or Jefferson.Flood@deq.virginia.gov

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Virginia Department of
Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 1105
Richmond, VA 23218
(804) 698-4000


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