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Virginia CZM Program: 2013 Coastal Grant Project Description and Final Summary

Project Task:VA CZM logo



Hampton Roads Planning District Commission

Project Title:

Land & Water Quality Protection in Hampton Roads

Project Description as Proposed:

Growth and development in Virginia’s coastal zone continues to increase at a rate that is greater than the rest of the Commonwealth. Water quality impacts associated with urban growth are further magnified by development trends characterized by increasing impervious cover. To address these impacts, recent regulatory changes and program developments, specifically the Chesapeake Bay TMDL and revised Virginia stormwater management regulations, have resulted in the creation of nutrient reduction goals for Virginia localities. These changes require new land use approaches and development policies that will help localities reduce the impacts of land development on water quality.

In an initial project (FY 11) to address these issues, HRPDC staff analyzed the local consequences of the water quality requirements for urban and transitional communities and identified available tools to enable localities to meet these requirements while avoiding negative impacts on natural resources. In a follow-up project (FY 12), HRPDC staff worked with local government staff from two pilot localities, the Cities of Norfolk and Suffolk, to develop specific policies for consideration, identify appropriate stormwater best management practices, and refine a methodology for modeling water quality impacts from development.

This project will focus on finalizing the recommendations developed during the FY 12 project, resulting in a report published by HRPDC for its member localities and other interested urban and suburban localities in Virginia. HRPDC staff will also work with the pilot locality staff to encourage consideration of these recommendations for formal adoption by local governing boards. 

Federal Funding:


Project Contact:

Jimontanae McBride, 757.420.8300; 

Project Status:

10/1/2013 - 9/30/2014; Project Open 

Final Product Received:

Land and Water Quality Protection in Hampton Roads - Phase III Final Report (PDF)

Project Summary Provided by Grantee:

This report describes the HRPDC’s Land and Water Quality Protection Section 309 Grant Project work for FY 2013-2014. This project falls under the Virginia Coastal Zone Management Program’s Section 309 2011-2016 strategy addressing Land and Water Quality Protection. Two pilot localities, Norfolk (urban) and Suffolk (suburban/transitional), were selected to be the primary subjects of this grant. This project consists of two components that build upon previous work completed in FY 2011-2012 and FY 2012-2013:


1)                  Implementing Water Quality Best Practices

2)                  Modeling Development Impacts for Use In Comprehensive Plans


The first component documents the development of recommendations for enforceable policies related to water quality and implementation of the Virginia Stormwater Management Regulations and the Chesapeake Bay Total Maximum Daily Load. General policies originally identified in the second year of this effort were expanded upon. Policy recommendations are divided into three categories: those relating to impervious cover, those related to the siting of development, and those related to stormwater best management practices. Specific amendments to local ordinances for both Norfolk and Suffolk, the pilot localities for this project, are provided along with the policy recommendations.

The second component provides a demonstration of the use of geographic information systems to model the physical and environmental impacts of proposed policy changes. Two analyses are included. The first is an assessment of how changes in parking regulations such as quantities required and size requirements can affect the total availability of parking and the total amount of impervious surface created by parking. The second is an assessment of how changes to a local transfer of development rights program can affect the total amount of development that is available to transfer within a locality.


A downloadable PDF version of the report is available at

Disclaimer: This project summary provides the federal dollars initially awarded to the grantee. Due to underexpenditure or reprogramming of grant funds, this figure may change. For more information on the allocation of coastal grant funds, please contact Laura McKay, Virginia Coastal Program Manager, at 804.698.4323 or email:

A more detailed Scope of Work for this project is available. Please direct your request for a copy to

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Virginia Department of
Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 1105
Richmond, VA 23218
(804) 698-4000

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