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Virginia CZM Program: 2011 Coastal Grant Project Description and Final Summary

Project Task:VA CZM logo



Hampton Roads Planning District Commission

Project Title:

Water Quality Policy Analyses to Support Attainment of Nutrient Reduction Goals

Project Description as Proposed:

Hampton Roads localities need an assessment of how to encourage and quantify nutrient reductions from land areas where government’s role or jurisdiction for TMDL implementation remains unclear, particularly lands identified for future redevelopment and privately-owned lands. The proposed project is comprised of policy and economic analyses that will inform development and prioritization of local Chesapeake Bay Phase II Watershed Implementation Plan (WIP) strategies. The project will be comprised of the three tasks described below. HRPDC will contract with a consultant to perform specific activities under Tasks 1 and 2. HRPDC staff will perform Task 3 activities and technical work related to Tasks 1 and 2. Task 1Redevelopment Activities to Meet Nutrient Reduction Goals: Identify areas targeted for redevelopment, quantify the potential for nutrient reductions, and estimate the cost effectiveness of those reductions. Objectives:  A. Define “redevelopment” and distinguish past redevelopment from other land-disturbing activities to estimate historical redevelopment rates. B. Identify lands targeted for future redevelopment based on existing land use plans and designations in local, State, or federal economic development programs. C. Examine the maximum potential for redevelopment in the region and estimate the extent of redevelopment to occur over the next 15 yr period. D. Estimate the 20% nutrient removal required for redevelopment projects based on proposed revisions to the Virginia stormwater management regulations. E. Evaluate the cost effectiveness of nutrient removal achieved through redevelopment activities compared to nutrient reductions achieved through other nutrient management approaches. F. Provide a summary of the advantages and disadvantages of including redevelopment as a strategy to achieve nutrient reductions in the Chesapeake Bay Phase II WIP. Task 2: Opportunities and Constraints for Nutrient Reductions on Private Property: Examine the feasibility of implementing BMPs on private property and estimate the potential nutrient removal of these BMPs. Objectives: A. Define BMPs appropriate for private properties, distinguish between those appropriate for different land uses and scales, and estimate the nutrient removal potential for each activity. B. Conduct outreach to non-profit organizations to catalog existing BMPs that were implemented through grant-funded efforts, community-based programs, or other voluntary projects and, therefore, may not be documented through locality programs. Quantify the nutrient removal achieved by these projects. C. Interview stakeholders from agriculture, development, and local government sectors to identify advantages, disadvantages, obstacles, and unresolved issues that impact the feasibility of achieving nutrient reductions on private property. D. Complete a literature review of voluntary and mandated private property stormwater management programs and practices, including financial incentive programs and utility credits. E. Develop a planning framework to guide implementation of nutrient reductions on private property including: 1) Strategies to work within the locality’s authority and leverage existing tools to implement and maintain retrofits and BMPs on agricultural, conservation, and urban lands; and 2) A sample voluntary program that localities may use to incentivize implementation and maintenance of BMPs on residential private property. Task 3: Project Management and Coordination: Provide contract administration, project management, and stakeholder support. Objectives: A. Administer contract and grant funds; fulfill grant reporting requirements. B. Provide project management and oversight of Task 1 and 2 activities undertaken by the consultant; develop detailed subcontract and interim deadlines for milestone tracking. The subcontract will be submitted to the Virginia CZM Program for approval prior to contracting for services. C. Review project deliverables from the consultant and provide comments as appropriate. D. Coordinate project activities with Regional Steering Committee and the Regional Stormwater Management Committee. E. Provide HRPDC staff support for research and resource identification. F. Act as point-of-contact for locality liaison/stakeholders.

Federal Funding:


Project Contact:

Whitney Katchmark, 757.420.8300;

Project Status:

10/1/2011 - 4/30/2012; Project Completed

Final Product Received:

Water Quality Policy Analyses to Support Attainment of Nutrient Reduction Goals Final Report (PDF)

Project Summary Provided by Grantee:

In the development of local Phase II Watershed Implementation Plan (WIP) strategies to meet the nutrient reduction goals of the Chesapeake Bay TMDL, Hampton Roads localities identified priority issues that required further investigation. This project researched potential policies to support local governments’ efforts to comply with the Bay TMDL and improve water quality. The project, which was facilitated with regional coordination through the Hampton Roads Planning District Commission (HRPDC) committee structure, resulted in two reports: 1) Redevelopment as a Nutrient Reduction Strategy; and 2) Reducing Nutrients on Private Property: Evaluation of Programs, Practices, and Incentives. Both reports were endorsed by the Hampton Roads Planning District Commission in 2012 and distributed to Hampton Roads localities. Electronic copies of both reports are accessible on HRPDC’s Chesapeake Bay TMDL web page.

The report “Redevelopment as a Nutrient Reduction Strategy” (September 2012) provides recommendations to assist localities in estimating and encouraging nutrient reductions from lands identified for future redevelopment. The study indicates that nutrient removal from redevelopment activities can be counted towards the Chesapeake Bay TMDL, while the nutrient removal from new development activities will typically not provide a reduction in the existing nutrient load. The study also found that redevelopment is not consistently defined or tracked by local governments. The report recommends steps to be taken by localities to adequately document redevelopment as a TMDL strategy.

The report “Reducing Nutrients on Private Property: Evaluation of Programs, Practices, and Incentives” (June 2012) provides a preliminary investigation into the feasibility, opportunities, and constraints of utilizing best management practices (BMPs) for nutrient reduction on existing urban/suburban residential and light commercial private property. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are engaged in efforts to change private landowner behavior using practices that could be credited toward a local government’s progress in achieving nutrient reduction goals. Examples of local government and NGO collaborations are examined in this report, and nine recommendations are presented to expand these efforts in the Hampton Roads region.

Disclaimer: This project summary provides the federal dollars initially awarded to the grantee. Due to underexpenditure or reprogramming of grant funds, this figure may change. For more information on the allocation of coastal grant funds, please contact Laura McKay, Virginia Coastal Program Manager, at 804.698.4323 or email:

A more detailed Scope of Work for this project is available. Please direct your request for a copy to

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Virginia Department of
Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 1105
Richmond, VA 23218
(804) 698-4000

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