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Radford Army Ammunition Plant

The Radford Army Ammunition Plant (RAAP), located in Radford, Virginia, produces rocket and gun propellants. The plant was built in the 1940s by Hercules Powder Company to support military ammunition requirements during World War II. Today, the plant is the only active military propellant manufacturing center in the country.  As a manufacturing facility, the plant is subject to the requirements of federal and state environmental statutes and regulations.  This page provides general information about the purpose and scope of the regulatory programs to better inform citizen stakeholders. A general factsheet with an overview of all regulatory programs is available; for more detailed information, visit RAAP reports and documents.

The Army's cleanup program for each contaminated site at the facility is outlined in the Installation Action Plan

Air Protection Programs

DEQ is authorized to oversee the air permitting program in Virginia.  To ensure that emissions do not harm Virginia’s air quality or negatively impact public health, the agency develops permits that uphold the provisions specified by the Clean Air Act (CAA).   State and federal law requires these permits to be issued to those industries and facilities that consistently emit harmful pollutants.

A new air monitor was installed in October 2017 to sample concentrations of lead in the air. Results will be posted quarterly. The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) has reviewed these data and confirmed that lead levels fall far below ambient air standards and would not be expected to cause any harmful health effects for community members. See letter from ATSDR for details.

Land Protection Programs

As the regulator of solid and hazardous wastes in Virginia, DEQ is authorized to oversee programs mandated by a number of federal laws, including: the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), and the Virginia Waste Management Act. See the list of pending permit applications, documents and reports.  

Water Protection Programs

Section 402 of the Clean Water Act (CWA) established the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, which limits the amounts of pollutant discharges that enter streams, rivers and bays.  On the state level, DEQ oversees the Virginia Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (VPDES) permitting program, and requires a permit for all traceable discharges in surface waters.   DEQ implements the Underground Storage Tank (UST) program in compliance with Article 9 of the State Water Control Law.  The regulations contain requirements for operation and maintenance, recordkeeping and reporting, as well as correction actions.

The State Water Control Law not only mandates the protection of clean waterways throughout Virginia, but also the restoration of all other state waters.  To accommodate recreational use and support the growth of aquatic life, DEQ employs water monitoring programs that help maintain water quality standards.

Multi-media Restoration

The Army's cleanup plan, called the Installation Action Plan, is a comprehensive, multiyear, coordinated strategy to identify, investigate and clean up contamination resulting from past operations at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant. For more information, visit: 

Public Participation

In certain situations, DEQ programs contain public participation requirements and guidelines that include the opportunity for public comment in DEQ's regulatory and program implementation decisions.   DEQ publishes notices for regulatory and permit actions, policy development, and other actions on the following pages: 

Stay connected--sign up for News Feeds to receive email notices from DEQ. Or sign up at Virginia Regulatory Town Hall for Public Notices. A summary of regulatory actions and associated deadlines is listed in the Calendar below.  

For questions or to to join the DOD mailing list, email: 

This facility is located within the DEQ Blue Ridge Regional Office (BRRO). 

Featured Topics


Activity  due Date
More Information
The public comment period for final permit to store and treat hazardous waste is open until Nov. 8. This permit modification proposes the installation and operation of a new incinerator complex that will replace the existing hazardous waste incinerators with new, modernized systems and upgraded air pollution control equipment.The facility anticipates the new incinerator design will be able to treat waste that is currently open burned. The public is invited to attend a briefing on Oct. 9 to learn more.The agency will receive comments at a public hearing on Oct. 23. See public notice, technical factsheet, permit part 1 and part 2 September 11, 2019 to November 12, 2019 Ashby Scott
Comment period for Hazardous Waste Management public notice for Class III permit modification; Army's public info meeting was Aug. 30 at 6 p.m. in Christiansburg. See Public Notice. July 15, 2018 to September 13, 2018 Ashby Scott
The US Army and BAE Systems hosted a community meeting to discuss modernization and environmental programs at the Radford Army Ammunition Plant at the Christiansburg Public Library, 125 Sheltman St. in Christiansburg, VA at 6:30pm.   December 14, 2017 US Army Public Affairs
New River PCB TMDL Technical Advisory Committee meets periodically about PCB monitoring efforts & sources and to make recommendations for the watershed. See DEQ's public calendar or TMDL public notices. ongoing Mark Richards
Public comment period closes for renewal of draft corrective action permit for 15 areas at the facility.  The permit allows continuation of various corrective actions. A public information meeting was Jan. 27 at Radford Public Library; public hearing was Feb. 10 at Radford Public Library.  For details, please read public notice and fact sheet. February 26, 2016 Ashby Scott
DEQ's Approval of Temporary Authorization to Store Hazardous Waste authorized until December 22, 2015; BAE's Request for Temporary (180 days) Authorization for Container Storage. December 22, 2015 Ashby Scott
Deadline for submission of the mulitpathway Risk Assessment Protocol and baseline Human Health Risk Assessment. See DEQ's Acknowledgment of Receipt of the Part A and Part B Permit Applications for the RCRA Subpart X Open Burning and Open Detonation Permit (OBG) and Extension Request for Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment Protocol Submission. October 27, 2015 Ashby Scott
Deadline for DEQ's technical completeness review of Part A & B for HW Management Corrective Action Permit for application submitted June 22, 2015. October 6, 2015 Ashby Scott

BAE response to Tier 1 items identified in the second HW incinerator permit March 20, 2015 NOD review due October 19. See letter from DEQ and related August 17th deadline.  

September 25, 2015 Ashby Scott 

BAE response to first Notice of Deficiency (NOD) completeness review of OBG permit application is due to DEQ. 

August 20, 2015 Ashby Scott
BAE response documents to second HW incinerator NOD:  tank inspection, area map, topo maptraffic plan, grinder detail, grinder/tank detail, grinder process, slurry process.  DEQ acknowledgement receipt of Part B and approval letter extending deadline for NOD Tier 1 items to August 17 and Tier 2 items until September 16, 2015. August 17, 2015 Ashby Scott
Deadline for Open Burning Ground (OBG) permit renewal; BAE's second request on March 2, 2015 for application extension; DEQ March 12 letter denying request; BAE's Jan. 2015 request for extension; DEQ approval letter extending deadline by 60 days. For background see DEQ August 2014 letter regarding reissuance of OBG permit. June 29, 2015 Ashby Scott
Application for the reissuance of the Hazardous Waste Management Corrective Action Permit received. June 22, 2015 Ashby Scott
VPDES Permit renewed. Approval letter from DEQ. June 10, 2015 Fact sheet
Deadline for BAE's response on March 20, 2015 to DEQ's second Notice of Deficiency (NOD) issued for HW Incinerator (HWI) permit renewal; BAE request for 30 day extension; see DEQ approval letter for response extension. May 19, 2015 Ashby Scott 
BAE's response to second HWI NOD received by DEQ on May 15, 2015; Summary of NOD Discussions and Action Items; DEQ's acknowledgement of receipt of second NOD response. May 15, 2015 Ashby Scott
BAE's March 5 response to HWI NOD; and DEQ's Summary of NOD Discussions and Actions. March 6, 2015 Ashby Scott
Facility response to DEQ's Notice of Deficiency (NOD dated October 7, 2014) was due for HW Incinerator permit renewal application. See DEQ Nov. 5 letter response for first extension request. See BAE Jan. 26 letter requesting additional 30 days to respond and DEQ Jan. 27 letter approving extension to March 6, 2015. Due March 6, 2015 Ashby Scott
Quarterly community meeting hosted by BAE Systems at NRV Business Center. Copy of DEQ presentation.  Copy of fact sheet, Steps in HW Permitting Process and Timeline December 10, 2014 BAE Systems
BAE request to burn waste from tenant (Grucci) approved per email by DEQ. December 4, 2014 Russ McAvoy
Reissued Hazardous Waste Management Post-Closure Care Permit for Hazardous Waste Management Units 5 & 16 Effective August 16, 2014 Response to Comments
Public Comment period for Statement of Basis for Corrective Action for Solid Waste Management Unit (SWMU) 45 and 48/49 and Small Arms Range June 27, 2014 to July 27, 2014 Jim Cutler
Public Comment Post-Closure Permit - Hazardous Waste Management Units 5 and 16 (EPA ID No. VA1210020730) May 1, 2014 to June 19, 2014 Russell McAvoy
Information briefing and Public Hearing for post-closure care of two closed hazardous waste management units no longer in service June 4, 2014

Public Notice
Fact Sheet

Revised Permit Re-Application of Waste Incinerator (SubPart O)  See Notice of Deficiency (NOD) dated October 7, 2014) April 3, 2012 Ashby Scott










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Virginia Department of
Environmental Quality
P.O. Box 1105
Richmond, VA 23218
(804) 698-4000

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